The ‘Eternal City’ is steeped in history, which is evident from the very moment you arrive. The Colosseum, Trevi Fountain, and Sistine Chapel are just some of the famous sights that attract millions of tourists each year, making tourism Rome’s main source of income.
The mark of past leaders Julius Caesar and Nero is clear for all to see with numerous ruins, over 400 churches, and many breathtaking landmarks. Imagine walking through the setting of where gladiators fought to death hundreds of years ago.
The Foro Romano (Roman Forum) used to be the administrative and social centre of Rome, and the ruins of palaces, temples, and other buildings remain here. Catch the metro to Colosseo and visit one of the world’s most famous monuments, dating back to 72AD, the Colosseum’s framework is damaged, it is still impressive nonetheless.
The Pantheon in the Piazza della Rotunda is one of the best preserved monuments in Rome. Don’t forget to visit the Trevi Fountain, famous thanks to an unforgettable scene in ‘La Dolce Vita’, and the Piazza di Spagna, which is always heaving with tourists. A climb up the steep steps (known as the Spanish Steps) leads to Trinita dei Montei, which offers magnificent views over the city.
The Villa Borghese park is just to the east of the Spanish Steps, and is home to many beautiful sculptures. Whilst here the Galleria Borghese palace is also worth a visit. For smart shopping head to Via Veneto, the Roman equivalent of Paris’ Champs Elysees, which is lined with elegant boutiques, cafes and hotels. A little more humble is Campo dei Fiori (Field of Flowers), a large square with a fruit and veg market, lively bars and trattorias.
Last but not least, the Vatican City, located to the west of Rome, is the home of the Sistine Chapel, where Michelangelo’s frescoes adorn walls and ceilings. His famous Pieta is situated inside St. Peter’s Basilica, and the Vatican Museum has the largest collection of classical statues in the world. Be warned however, in the high season there are lengthy queues to view the treasures on display.