Country: Northern Ireland Capital: Belfast Language: English Currency: Pound Sterling
Derry, also known as Londonderry, was the first city in Ireland that was specifically planned. As such it is one of the country’s most important cities.
The city was constructed within walls designed in the shape of a diamond, as it was believed this was the best layout to ensure the city was secure in case of attack. Its construction took place from 1613 to 1618.
The layout clearly worked; the walls have never been penetrated despite many battles during the 17th century. Today the walls are one of Derry’s main sights, along with the ‘No Surrender’ mural and the ‘You Are Now Entering Free Derry’ sign.
The Castle Dungeons and St. Columb’s Cathedral are further testimony to the illustrious history of Derry.